Originally renowned as the Flavian Amphitheater, the Colosseum is perhaps one of the most impressive monumental structures built during the era of Roman Empire. Despite of falling into ruins, the architectural splendor of Colosseum still remains to be an imposing and a marvelous sight. This site deserves first place in your sightseeing list during your vacation in Rome.
The history of Colosseum dates back to 72 A.D when Roman Emperor Vespasian, founder of the Flavian Dynasty, initiated construction of the Flavian Amphitheater. The splendid amphitheater was meticulously built on an artificial lake, which is a part of the Nero’s Park in the Center of Rome. The site blissfully boasts the Golden House and Colossus statue that further add to the exuberance of this amazing monument. The spectacular statue of Nero gave Flavian Amphitheater its current name, Colosseum.
Intricate Artwork and Architectural Efficacy Adorns the Colosseum
This spectacular elliptical building measures 188m by 156m, and reaches a height of more than 48 meters – an exuberant architectural splendor to boast upon. The outstanding structure was artistically clad in marble and 160 magnificent statues that adorned the arches of the building on upper floors. Eighty glorious walls supported the tiered seating arrangement for 50,000 spectators, with the lowest storey being preserved for eminent citizens and the upper stories featured seating for women and lower classes of the society.
The stunning building was graced by a magnificent awning, or Velarium, to protect the spectators from the sun. The three tiers of arcades that the building feature presents a façade of entablatures and columns with succession in architectural orders – Corinthian on the third, Ionic on the second, and Doric on the first storey. Beneath the architecture lays rooms and passages, food stores, cages for tigers and lions, and robing room for spectators.
Roman emperors used the Colosseum for entertaining the public with free games, which were symbolic of power and prestige, and a superb way to increase their popularity. The events typically started with comic acts and display of wild animals, ending with fights and death between gladiators or between animals and gladiators. It is said, 9000 wild animals were slaughtered during the inauguration of the Colosseum in 80 A.D, held by Titus, the successor of Vespasian.
Visiting the Colosseum, Rome
The Colosseum is situated in the center of Rome, Italy. The address is Piazza del Colosseo.
Telephone number for booking tickets and other inquires – +39.06.39967700
(Monday to Saturday, 9 am to 1.30 pm and 2.30 pm to 5 pm).
How to Reach the Roman Colosseum
Stop at Colosseum, which is two stops from Terminal. However, the prominent tourist attraction is mostly serviced by local buses. Via dei Fori Imperiali runs from Colosseum to Piazza Venezia. In addition to this, there is a host of hop on-hop off bus operators that stop at the Colosseum. Tramway numbers 3 and 8 are other public transport facilities that will reach you to Colosseum. Additionally, taxis and coach tours are also available on hire.
Opening hours for Roman Colosseum are from 8.30 am to one hour before the sunset, which varies . During Good Friday, the Colosseum opens from 8.30 am to 2 pm while on June 2, it opens from 1.30 pm to 7.15 pm. The ticket offices closes 1 hour before the closing time.
It should be the first place you should visit during your holiday in Italy.