The origin of magnificent Pantheon dates back to more than 1800 years ago, standing as a prominent representation of the Roman Empire. “Pantheon” refers to the prime function of the building, which was built as a temple to all gods. Until 1436 when the spectacular Florence Cathedral was built, the Pantheon was the largest and most magnificent dome in the world. The current Pantheon was originally built on two other buildings, the first one of which was a T-shaped rectilinear structure built in 27-25 B.C by General Marcus Agrippa.
During 80 AD, the building was burned down and again rebuilt by Emperor Domitian. Unfortunately, again in 110 AD, the Pantheon was struck by lightning and burned down. In 125 AD, the Pantheon was rebuilt again by Emperor Hadrian, and still stands the test of time, narrating the intriguing tale and efficacy of the Roman Empire, art and culture. The current building is still one of the prominent religious places in the world.
Discover Splendid Design and Architectural Artwork at Pantheon
The Pantheon features exquisite marble columns and thick brick walls, which creates an instant impression on the visitors. However, the majestic 43 meter high dome steals the show with its striking architecture and superb design. There was only one source of light in the building through the Oculus, at the top of the dome. The magnificent bronze door is the way to the stunning cylindrical building, whose diameter almost equals the interior height of almost 43.3 meters.
The Pantheon opens up to a stunning front portico that comprise of three rows of columns, weighing 60 tons, whereas the other two porticos have four columns each. The temple was originally built for pagan gods, but was transformed into a church in 609. In present time, the Pantheon consists of tombs of the renowned artist Raphael and other Italian kings. The impressive ecclesiastical design stands in perfect contrast to the magnificent structural design. On the other hand, the exquisite marble floor with geometric patterns still exemplifies the Roman art.
Piazza della Rotonda: The Square
The magnificent temple building borders a rectangular square, with an 18th century fountain at its center, crowned with obelisk. The ever-crowded Piazza della Rotonda is blissfully located at the historic hub of Rome and is in proximity to Piazza Navona, which is one of the most beautiful squares in the city.
Tourist Attractions Nearby
Beautifully nestled amidst a myriad of the prominent tourist attractions, the Pantheon is one of the most popular sightseeing spots in Rome. Other renowned tourist attractions nearby include Temple of Hadrian, Piazza Navona, Fountain of the Four Rivers, Column of Marcus Aurelius, Trevi Fountain, and Piazza Venezia.
How to Reach the Pantheon?
The Pantheon is easily accessible by public transportation facilities or you can also hire private coaches and taxis to take you on a tour to the site. There is no metro station near Pantheon; however, you have to get off at Piazza Barberini from where the temple is only at a 15 minutes walking distance. Bus numbers 40, 60 and 64 gives stoppage near Piazza Navona, from where you can easily walk to the Pantheon.